The Hidden World of WWI
portrait of Jeff Gusky
Photo credit: Marty Perlman

Jeff Gusky's life changed in 1995 when he found an obscure remnant of the Nazi concentration camp Plazow … where the story of Schindler’s List actually took place. Since then, he’s devoted his life to helping others see and avoid The Human Emergency™ caused by rapidly accelerating dehumanization which leads to Addiction To Modern Life™. Millions are becoming fragile, self-destructive and blind to extreme danger. Addiction To Modern Life is now devastating and destabilizing free societies everywhere because addiction poisons conscience and conscience is critical to democracy.

Jeff was the first fine art photographer to go behind the former Iron Curtain and document a Hidden World of the Holocaust … remnants of modern genocide hidden in plain sight during the communist era. To this day, he is haunted by the aftermath of horror he witnessed in these places.

Jeff has committed his life to helping people across the globe become situationally aware about how modern life dehumanizes all of us and how entire societies can be transformed into weapons of mass destruction using "THE FORMULA": MYTH AMPLIFIED BY MEDIA TO INCITE RAGE IN CROWDS FOR POWER.

Born on the streets of Paris during The Dreyfus Affair in 1894 ... only two years after the new technology of mass media first came into being ... "THE FORMULA" is nothing more than a technique, deployed by conscienceless predators to seize power in modern societies, by poisoning the conscience of millions while setting a society on fire.

Human predators shamelessly incite Constituencies of Rage™ which are dehumanized masses where individual conscience is overwhelmed by group rage. The horror of Nazi Germany can happen here. Even the most advanced modern nations are vulnerable to the "THE FORMULA".

Jeff was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, grew up in South Florida and went to high school in a suburb of Philadelphia. He graduated cum laude from Washington State University and finished near the top of his medical school class at The University of Washington in Seattle. He is a member of Alpha Omega Alpha, the National Honor Medical Society and a Fellow of The American College of Emergency Physicians.

Jeff is a National Geographic photographer whose discoveries and photographs are known around the world. His work has been covered by The New York Times, The Washington Post, National Geographic, NBC, Fox, ABC, CBS, PBS, NPR, The BBC, USA Today, US News & World Report, Huffington Post, Arte, The CBC, The Japan Times, The Associated Press, Reuters, AFP, The Daily Mail, The Sydney Herald, The Nigeria News, Television Nacional de Chile, South Africa Art News, Israel News and Le Monde.

His photographs were featured on Broadway in *The People In The Picture* starring Donna Murphy. A traveling exhibition called *Of Life and Loss: The Polish Photographs of Roman Vishniac and Jeffrey Gusky* was ranked a Top Twenty Show in the nation by ArtNet Magazine.

Jeff is the author of three books. He hosted and co-produced the television documentary *Americans Underground: Secret City of WWI* which premiered on the Smithsonian Channel in March 2017. He is a member of The Photo Society, an invitation-only collective of leading National Geographic photographers.

Jeff's discoveries and photographs have been the centerpiece of the commemoration of the 100 year anniversary of World War I by National Geographic Magazine and The Smithsonian Institute. In 2017, an eighteen month exhibition of his discoveries and photographs of a Hidden World of World War I were featured in *Artist Soldiers* at The Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum on the mall in Washington, D.C.

Currently, Jeff's discoveries and photographs of the only surviving trace of an African American combat unit are now featured in the new Smithsonian exhibition *We Return Fighting* at The Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington, D.C. The show runs through June 14th, 2020.

Jeff lives and practices emergency medicine in Dallas, Texas.


December 12th, 2019 through June 14th, 2020 at The Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture in Washington, D.C. The exhibit features two of Jeff's discoveries: 1) The only surviving trace of an African American World War I combat unit which Jeff and his friend Dr. Franck Viltart found beneath a remote farm field in 2015 and 2) The only known example in American history when two African American heroes lost their lives in the same battle, both nominated for The Medal of Honor. They were part of the 371st Regiment, made up of cotton pickers from South Carolina. This unit was the most decorated African American unit of WWI and sustained the most casualties by far.
April 6th, 2017 through November 11th, 2018, The Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum in Washington, D.C. The exhibit is a collaboration between the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum and National Museum of American History.
Ranked by Artnet Magazine (Spring, 2009) as one of the top 20 museum shows in America alongside shows at the Guggenheim, the Smithsonian and the Met, the exhibition opened at the Santa Barbara Museum of Art in October, 2008 to record crowds and continued as a traveling exhibition. The presence of life in Vishniac’s photographs from the 1930’s side-by-side with the absence of life in Gusky’s contemporary photographs convey the incomprehensible loss of modern mass destruction. Genocide takes on new meaning as a risk that is with us still.
A 2003-2004 exhibition at the Meadows Museum in Dallas, paired 45 original Disasters of War etchings by Francisco de Goya with 45 of Gusky’s contemporary photographs.
2002 solo exhibition at the Robert Hull Fleming Museum of Art in Burlington, Vermont. Approximately 100 Gusky black-and-white photographs of the architectural ruins of the once thriving Jewish civilization and culture in Eastern Europe destroyed in World War II.
2001 solo exhibition at the University of Texas-Dallas of 145 Gusky black-and-white wintertime photographs of the architectural ruins of Eastern European Jewry.
Solo exhibition of 105 Gusky Eastern European photographs at the University of Texas - Tyler.
A three year installation (2003 to 2006), of 14 Gusky photographs in the boardroom of the Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist University’s Bridwell Library.
Reimagining Dallas: An Intimate Walk on Turtle Creek, December 4, 2009 through Jan 3, 2010.
2003 solo exhibition of 18 Gusky photographs from a series on the Texas-Mexico border. The Desert Willow Cafe & Gallery, Albuquerque, New Mexico.


Silent Places book cover

Silent Places: Landscapes of Jewish Life & Loss in Eastern Europe

by Jeff Gusky (Author, Photographer), Judith Miller (Introduction), Hardcover, 180 pages, Overlook-Duckworth (New York, London), October 2003, ISBN: 1585673161. A December 17th, 2003 Roger Rosenblatt essay on the book aired on PBS' The Newshour with Jim Lehrer.

Silent Places book cover

Bordertown: The Odyssey of an American Place

Published in September, 2008 by Yale University Press (New Haven). Bordertown is the story of a once powerful yet now impoverished locale on the Texas-Mexico border which has been a full participant in American life since it became American soil in 1848. It’s a story of power, patriotism and self-determination by early Mexican-Americans. The book was the recipient of the Popular Culture/American Culture Association’s Ray and Pat Browne Award for the Best Reference/Primary Source Work in Popular and American Culture in 2008. Co-authored with SMU Professor Ben Johnson. ISBN: 0300139284.

Silent Places book cover

Medical Student Ward Survival Manual

Published in 1983, this orientation manual for third-year medical students sold 16,000 copies in two printings and was widely distributed throughout the US and Canada. ISBN: 0910015007.

The Hidden World of WWI

Hidden beneath the beautiful French countryside lie hundreds of underground rock quarries which were already centuries old before WWI began. Armies on both sides rapidly converted these vast spaces into modern underground cities with electric power, lights, telephones, rail transportation, living quarters, hospitals, food systems, offices, chapels and theaters. One underground city Jeff photographed has over 25 miles of contiguous passageways and resembles a subway station with high ceilings. Some underground cities have street signs still posted on the walls which helped soldiers from getting lost. Jeff is nearly 6’4” tall and can walk about freely in most of these places without hitting his head.

Tens of thousands of soldiers lived underground at any given time. A single underground system beneath Arras, France housed 24,000 British Commonwealth soldiers at its peak. It was outfitted with a 700 bed hospital.

WWI was the first modern mass destruction. The weapons were so powerful that there was no place on the earth’s surface which was safe from sudden death. But underground there was safety. The powerful weapons could not wreak havoc beneath the earth’s surface.

The safety of the underground allowed soldiers to feel human. And here, they reconstituted a human world. When the surface of the earth became an apocalypse where human life was devoured by machines…machines whose power exceeded human comprehension… beneath the surface soldiers expressed their hopes, fears and prayers on stone by carving museum-quality art and inscriptions now cloaked in total darkness. They wrote their names, addresses and notes to loved ones as messages to the future, not knowing if anyone would ever see them.

Now we can see them, touch them and feel the human emotions of modern young men who were alive a century ago. Time has stood still. The passage of one hundred years feels like a single day.

Press Coverage

What Experts Are Saying

It was as if the soldiers had just left the caves days or weeks before. I was struck by the indelible legacy of their carvings. I feel a kinship to the soldiers of the 26th "Yankee" division who preceded me. It is as if I can reach out to them thru Jeff's photos.
Brigadier General Leonid Kondratiuk, Former Chief Historian, National Guard Bureau
I've been in the room as Jeff showed his work to historians of World War I, so I can tell you exactly how they react: with curiosity about the world he uncovered, with amazement at the images themselves, and with a slow realization that the histories we write with words haven't yet captured the world the way that Jeff has with his camera.
Dr. Christopher Capozzola, Associate Professor of History, MIT
These fascinating photographs reveal a hidden, subterranean world that puts a new face on the "troglodyte" world of the trenches that Paul Fussell and others so eloquently described.
Dr. Michael S. Neiberg, Author of Dance of the Furies: Europe and the Outbreak of World War I
The photos are significant because I know of nothing comparable. We have letters and journals and interviews and trench art but nothing exactly like this. Whether they engraved their initials or created a complete sculpture, they were expressing their identities and emotions. It is impossible not to connect with them.
Dr. Paul H. Herbert, Executive Director, First Division Museum at Cantigny, Wheaton, IL

Selected Television Interviews

Corona Virus & Racial Tensions: WGN 9 Chicago 26 March 2020
Uniting America Around Race: WUSA 4 Washington, D.C. 11 March 2020
The Black News Channel: Why Are African American COVID Death Rates Higher 15 May 2020
Video From Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum Exhibition of Jeff’s Work. 14 March 2017
ABC News POWER PLAYERS: Beneath the Trenches The Secret World of the Great War Revealed 26 April 2017
BBC 1 TV: "Photographer Jeffrey Gusky has documented the hidden world of this underground war" 5 June 2017
The Black News Channel: The Safest Place In Cincinnati Against COVID ... The JAIL!!! 4 June 2020
Fox 4 TV Interview On Jeff's New Discovery About African American WWI Heroes 7 April 2018
Corona Virus & Racial Unity: PHL17 Morning News Philadelphia 11 March 2020
ABC News Dallas Interview For Black History Month 26 February 2020

Radio Interviews

NPR Morning Edition Interview With Susan Stamberg 1 August 2017
ER Physician Documents 'Lost Underground' Of WWI 25 July 2014